When restoration procedures such as root canal therapy, crowns, or fillings are not enough to save a tooth, it may need to be pulled, or extracted. Tooth extraction procedures today are far less painful than ever before, thanks to powerful anesthetics and sedatives. In many cases, a patient who has tooth pulled experiences little or no discomfort, and only minor bleeding.
Before a tooth is extracted, the area surrounding the tooth is numbed with a topical/and or injectable anesthetic. Patients with extracted teeth sometimes need to take an antibiotic, and at the very least, take precautions following the procedure to ensure that infection doesn't occur.
Smoking, vigorous brushing and rinsing, and drinking liquids through straws are discouraged during the post-operative period because they hinder healing and may cause the wound to open. Cold compresses applied to the outside cheek near the extraction area can help reduce any swelling and promote faster healing.
Wisdom teeth are the third and final set of molars that erupt in the back corners of the upper and lower normal adult mouth. Unfortunately, most people experience problems from wisdom teeth; in most cases, this is because the teeth erupt too close to existing permanent teeth, causing crowding, improper bites, and other problems.
If wisdom teeth are causing a problem and are not pulled, they can sometimes become impacted. Impacted wisdom teeth can be extremely painful, as well as harmful to your oral health. Symptoms are easy to spot: severe discomfort, inflammation, and some kinds of infections. These poorly positioned impacted teeth can cause many problems. When they are partially erupted, the opening around the tooth allows bacteria to grow and will eventually cause an infection. The result is swelling, jaw stiffness, pain and illness. The pressure from the erupting wisdom tooth may cause pain in the general area. The most serious problem occurs when tumors or cysts form around the impacted wisdom tooth, resulting in the destruction of the jaw bone and healthy teeth. Removal of the offending impacted tooth or teeth usually resolves these problems. Early removal is recommended to avoid such future problems and to decrease the surgical risk involved with the procedure
Many people need to have their wisdom teeth extracted to avoid future serious problems. In general, the lack of the four wisdom teeth does not hamper one's ability to properly bite down, speak or eat. If you experience any of the following symptoms, you may have an impacted wisdom tooth:
- Facial Swelling
- Gum swelling
Soft tissue grafts are small pieces of tissue taken from other areas such as the palate and surgically implanted in the affected area. Grafts can correct dental deformities and other problems such as severe gum disease, as well as cover exposed roots, stop bone loss, the recession of gums, and even reduce pain-causing root sensitivity. Replacing lost gum tissue can restore the natural contour of your smile.
Gum tissue can change or even shrink. There are many reasons for this, including receding gums (from gingivitis or periodontal disease), and loss of one or more teeth (which causes tooth-less gum tissue to shrink).
Gum tissue can be augmented or replaced by a variety of means, including soft tissue grafts, which are small pieces of tissue taken from other areas such as the palate and surgically implanted in the affected area. Gum augmentation procedures can also be used to cover painful, exposed tooth roots.
Other GAMA Dental Oral Surgery Services:
Extractions made without any care to the Alveolar Bone/Socket usually results in irregular contour when healed. This procedure is done to smoothen out this irregularly shaped bone in order to receive the prosthesis.
Extractions render the residual ridge flat. Vestibuloplasty recontours the vestibule to augment ridge so as to prepare it to receive the denture.
Infected toot/teeth wherein root canal treatment is not enough due to presence of enormous infection at the apex. Apicoectomy is done, where the apex is cut and removed with the lesion.
The advent of synthetic bone materials gave more options to dental practiotioners to save the tooth of their patients. Bone support the tooth in the dental arch. Infected/compromised bone health will lead to tooth loss. But because of this procedure, it can be prevented.
Removal of oral cysyts
Incision and Drainage
Long-standing infection with pus which cannot be arrested by antibiotic must be incised and drained.
For severe cases of periodontal diseases which do not respond to routine deep scaling and root planning, a flap is raised and direct scaling and debridement is done to involved root.
Gums are re-shaped/re-contoured. Usually this is done when the tooth is to receive a prosthesis or lamintes. Pathologic reconsiderations are also taken into view. Gingival hyperplasis and the like.
Some tooth/teeth are naturally short that makes it difficult to restore using crowns and jacket. This procedure is done so as to lengthen its clinical crown.